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Enhance Your ESA - Parent's Guide to Maximizing Your Arizona Empowerment Scholarship Account


The Empowerment Scholarship Account (ESA) program in Arizona offers parents the unique opportunity to tailor their child's education to their specific needs and interests. With this funding, parents can choose the curriculum and educational resources that best fit their child's learning style, ensuring a well-rounded and engaging educational experience. This article serves as a comprehensive guide for Arizona parents who are navigating the world of curriculums, providing essential tips and advice on selecting the best educational materials for their children with the help of ESA funds. Let's dive into the world of curriculum selection and explore how you can make the most of your ESA resources to support your child's academic growth.


As a condition of accepting ESA funding from the Arizona Department of Education, parents must agree to provide an education that includes the following subjects (at a minimum): Math, Reading, Grammar, Science, and Social Studies. In an effort to aid experienced and new ESA families, this blog post provides insight on what to consider within each subject before committing to the purchase of curriculum or instructional materials. Disclaimer: The information and suggestions provided in this article are for informational purposes only and are not intended as legal or financial advice. These ideas are merely suggestions on how to use ESA funds and should be considered as a starting point for your own research and decision-making process. It's important for parents to familiarize themselves with the specific rules and regulations governing the use of Empowerment Scholarship Account funds in Arizona and to consult with a legal or financial professional if/when necessary.


Crafting and Choosing a Math Curriculum


When it comes to choosing a math curriculum, it's essential to consider your child's learning style, strengths, and weaknesses. To make the most of your ESA funds, evaluate each potential math curriculum based on the following factors:

a. Teaching Method: Investigate the teaching style used in the curriculum. Some math programs focus on problem-solving and real-life applications, while others emphasize memorization and drills. Determine which method aligns best with your child's learning preferences.

b. Scope and Sequence: Review the curriculum's scope and sequence to ensure it covers all necessary topics and builds upon previously learned concepts in a logical order. Check if the program aligns with the Arizona state standards for mathematics.

c. Adaptability: Look for a math curriculum that offers multiple entry points, so your child can start at their current skill level and progress at their own pace. This adaptability is crucial for ensuring your child feels challenged yet supported in their learning.

d. Supplemental Resources: Many math curriculums offer additional materials, such as manipulatives, workbooks, and online components. Evaluate these resources to determine if they will enhance your child's learning experience and help them better understand mathematical concepts.

Some popular ESA-eligible math curriculums to consider include Singapore Math, Art of Problem Solving, and Saxon Math. For students with a preference for hands-on or visual Math instruction, manipulatives provide an engaging and effective tool for Math instruction. Below are some common, ESA-allowable manipulatives based on their target grade-band/age-range and instructional purpose for Math. Kindergarten-2nd Grade:

  1. Base Ten Blocks: Sets of cubes, rods, flats, and blocks representing ones, tens, hundreds, and thousands to teach place value, addition, and subtraction.

  2. Pattern Blocks: Different shaped colorful blocks used to explore patterns, symmetry, and fractions.

  3. Counting Bears: Colored plastic bears used for counting, sorting, and simple addition and subtraction.

3rd-5th Grade:

  1. Cuisenaire Rods: Colored rectangular rods of varying lengths used to teach addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, and fractions.

  2. Geoboards: Grids with pegs where students can stretch rubber bands to create geometric shapes and explore perimeter, area, and spatial reasoning.

  3. Fraction Circles: Sets of circular pieces divided into various fractions to help students understand the concept of fractions and perform fraction operations.

6th-8th Grade:

  1. Algebra Tiles: Sets of rectangular and square tiles that represent variables and constants, used for teaching algebraic concepts like combining like terms and solving equations.

  2. Coordinate Grid Dry-Erase Boards: Grids with labeled axes for practicing graphing points, linear equations, and spatial relationships.

  3. Protractors and Compasses: Tools used for measuring angles and creating circles, helping students understand geometric concepts and properties.

9th-12th Grade:

  1. Graphing Calculators: Advanced calculators capable of graphing functions, solving equations, and performing statistical analyses.

  2. 3D Geometric Shapes: Models of various 3D shapes used to explore surface area, volume, and other geometric properties.

  3. Trigonometry Tools: Tools like sine/cosine/tangent charts and unit circle models to help students understand trigonometric functions and relationships.

By focusing on manipulatives that can be used across multiple grade levels and math concepts, you can maximize cost-effectiveness. Base Ten Blocks, Geoboards, and Algebra Tiles are some examples of versatile manipulatives that provide a good return on investment.

ROI for Reading

When selecting reading materials for your child, it's crucial to consider their reading level, interests, and the skills they need to develop. Here are some tips to help you make the best choices for your ESA funds:

  1. Determine the appropriate reading level: Use assessments like the Lexile Framework or guided reading levels to identify the right level of complexity for your child's reading materials. This will ensure they are challenged but not overwhelmed.

  2. Look for high-interest topics: Select books and resources that align with your child's interests to keep them engaged and motivated. Consider a mix of fiction and non-fiction, as well as various genres like mystery, fantasy, or historical fiction.

  3. Focus on skill development: Choose resources that target specific reading skills, such as comprehension, vocabulary, or fluency. Workbooks, online programs, and apps can help reinforce these skills in a fun and interactive way.

  4. Incorporate audiobooks and read-alouds: Audiobooks and read-alouds can be a great way to expose your child to more complex texts and develop their listening comprehension skills. These resources can also help struggling readers or those with dyslexia.

  5. Use book series: Book series can encourage long-term reading engagement by providing a familiar context and characters for your child to follow over multiple volumes.

  6. Consider the value of subscriptions*: Subscriptions to educational websites, magazines, or book clubs can provide a constant stream of new and engaging reading materials tailored to your child's interests and needs. *Before purchasing a subscription, be sure to view the digital offerings of your local public library. Several public libraries throughout Arizona feature applications/services that provide content (including magazines, newspapers, etc.) for free.

By carefully selecting the right resources, you can maximize the impact of your ESA funds on your child's reading development. Remember to monitor their progress and adjust your choices as their skills and interests evolve.

Grammar: Investing in Essential Language Skills

Grammar is a crucial aspect of English Language Arts (ELA) instruction in K-12 education. It involves the rules and conventions that govern the structure of written and spoken language, enabling clear and accurate communication. Key components of grammar include sentence structure, parts of speech, punctuation, and verb conjugation.



While grammar is a critical part of ELA, it is distinct from other components such as reading comprehension, vocabulary development, and writing composition.


For instance, when a student practices identifying and correcting misplaced modifiers in a sentence, they are working on grammar skills.


On the other hand, analyzing a character's motivation in a novel or expanding their vocabulary by learning synonyms and antonyms are examples of reading comprehension and vocabulary development, respectively, and are separate from grammar.


Developing strong grammar skills is crucial for your child's overall language development and academic success. Here are some tips for selecting the best grammar resources and materials using your ESA funds:

  1. Identify the skills to target: Start by determining the specific grammar skills your child needs to work on, such as sentence structure, parts of speech, punctuation, or verb conjugation. You can use online assessments like the "Grammar Diagnostic Test" on EnglishForEveryone.org or the "Grammar and Writing Assessment" on Time4Writing.com to pinpoint areas that need improvement.

  2. Choose age-appropriate resources: Look for resources that are suitable for your child's age and grade level, such as "Scholastic Success With Grammar" workbooks for grades 1-6 or the "Easy Grammar" series for middle and high school students. This will ensure the content is engaging and challenging enough without being too difficult or frustrating.

  3. Combine different formats: Use a mix of workbooks, online programs, apps, and games to keep your child engaged and motivated. For example, consider using a combination of the "Grammaropolis" app, "Grammar Bytes" website, and "Grammar-Flip" online program to reinforce the grammar concepts in various contexts.

  4. Incorporate grammar into daily routines: Make grammar learning a part of your child's everyday life by integrating it into their reading, writing, and conversation activities. For instance, use the "Daily Grammar Practice" workbook series or the "Grammar Wonderland" app to provide daily grammar exercises and challenges.

  5. Look for resources with built-in feedback: Select materials that provide immediate feedback and explanations, such as interactive websites like "Quill.org" or apps like "Grammarly." This will help your child understand their mistakes and learn from them more effectively.

  6. Consider the value of group learning: If possible, consider enrolling your child in a local homeschool co-op or online group, such as "Time4Learning" or "Outschool," where they can practice grammar skills with peers. Group learning can provide additional motivation and social interaction.

By thoughtfully selecting grammar resources and incorporating them into your child's learning routine, you can make the most of your ESA funds and support their language development effectively.



Social Studies: Building a Foundation for Civic Understanding and Local Connections


Social Studies is a multidisciplinary subject encompassing history, geography, economics, government, and civics. With your ESA funds, you can provide your child with unique opportunities to explore and understand their local community, their state, and their country. By focusing on local connections, students can develop a strong foundation in civic understanding and appreciation for their surroundings.


One of the best features of ESAs is the ability to unlock exciting and engaging aspects of social studies through experiential learning that takes place outside of a classroom and without requiring a textbook. This hands-on approach allows students to interact with the world around them in ways that aren't always feasible or economical in public schools due to the high costs associated with field trips and immersive experiences.


Some ideas for utilizing ESA funds to maximize the social studies learning experience include:

  1. Organizing visits to local historical sites, museums, and government buildings. These trips can help students connect with their community's history and understand the foundations of their local government.

  2. Participating in local volunteer opportunities, which can help students learn about the various social and economic issues affecting their community.

  3. Attending local cultural events and festivals to gain an appreciation for the diverse perspectives and traditions present in their community.

  4. Investing in state-specific educational materials, such as books, maps, and documentaries, to help students develop a deeper understanding of their state's history, geography, and government.

  5. Subscribing to online resources that focus on national history and government, allowing students to explore the broader context of their state and country.

By utilizing ESA funds for these enriching social studies experiences, parents can help their children connect with their local community and foster a broader understanding of their state and country. This customized and interactive approach to social studies education provides a unique advantage that is often not possible within the constraints of traditional public school settings.

Science: Hands-On Learning and Exploration Beyond the Textbook

Science education is essential for fostering curiosity, critical thinking, and problem-solving skills in students. With ESA funds, parents in Arizona have the opportunity to provide their children with a science education that goes beyond the confines of textbooks and traditional classroom activities. By investing in hands-on learning experiences and innovative resources, students can develop a deeper understanding of scientific concepts and apply them to the world around them.

Here are some ideas for utilizing ESA funds to maximize your Arizona child's science education:

  1. Explore local science centers, museums, and planetariums: Arizona is home to several institutions that offer interactive exhibits and programs, such as the Arizona Science Center in Phoenix, the Flandrau Science Center & Planetarium in Tucson, and the Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff. These institutions allow students to engage with scientific concepts in a tangible way and often provide educational resources and materials to supplement your child's science curriculum.

  2. Invest in science kits and lab equipment (Reuse & Recycle): Hands-on experiments are crucial for helping students understand scientific concepts and develop critical thinking skills. Consider purchasing age-appropriate science kits or lab equipment that aligns with your child's interests and curriculum. QuantumCamp, for instance, offers a unique story-oriented Science course with a focus on labs and hands-on activities. Attend workshops, camps, or classes: Look for local workshops, camps, or classes focused on specific areas of science in Arizona. These experiences can provide your child with a deeper understanding of scientific concepts and allow them to explore topics that may not be covered in their regular curriculum. Organizations such as Arizona Science Center, the Challenger Space Center, and the Biosphere 2 offer programs and camps throughout the year. In most circumstances, purchasing science lab equipment isn't at the top of most ESA wish lists. While utilizing specialized equipment is a great idea for Grades 9-12, most of the engaging science concepts and standards for Grades K-8 can be experienced using everyday household supplies.

  3. Leverage online resources: There are numerous online platforms and resources available that offer interactive science lessons, virtual experiments, and educational games. Consider subscribing to one or more of these platforms to provide your child with engaging and interactive science content.

  4. Connect with local experts: Reach out to local scientists, researchers, or educators in Arizona who may be willing to speak with your child about their work or offer guidance on a specific topic. This can provide your child with unique insights and inspire their curiosity about the field.

By using ESA funds to provide your Arizona child with diverse and engaging science learning experiences, you can help them develop a love for science and a deep understanding of the subject matter. This customized approach to science education allows students to explore topics in a way that goes beyond the limitations of traditional classroom settings, offering them a more enriching and meaningful learning experience.


Extra-Curricular Activities: Enriching Your Child's Education with ESA Funds

In addition to covering the core academic subjects, ESA funds can also be used to provide your child with an array of enriching extra-curricular activities. These activities can complement your child's education, help them develop new skills, and provide opportunities for socialization and personal growth. Here are some ideas on how to use and save ESA funds to support your child's extra-curricular pursuits:

  1. Enroll in a music, art, or dance class: Encourage your child's creativity and self-expression by enrolling them in a class that focuses on the arts. Arizona is home to numerous music, art, and dance schools and studios that cater to children of all ages and skill levels.

  2. Join a sports team or club: Participating in sports can help your child develop physical fitness, teamwork, and perseverance. Look for local sports clubs or leagues in Arizona that align with your child's interests, such as soccer, basketball, or swimming.

  3. Pursue a hobby or interest: Encourage your child to explore a new hobby or develop their passion for a particular subject. ESA funds can be used to purchase supplies or equipment, as well as pay for classes or workshops that cater to your child's interests. Examples of popular hobbies include photography, cooking, robotics, and gardening. City recreation programs tend to offer the most competitive prices for an array of classes of various lengths. This would be the best place to start before committing to specialized, more expensive, and

  4. Attend academic enrichment programs: Provide your child with opportunities to engage in advanced or specialized learning experiences. ESA funds can be used to cover the cost of academic enrichment programs, such as STEM camps, writing workshops, or language immersion courses, available in Arizona.

  5. Explore heritage/cultural events and attractions: Immerse your child in the rich cultural experiences that Arizona has to offer. Consider using ESA funds to purchase tickets to museums, historical sites, theaters, or cultural festivals, which can both entertain and educate your child.

  6. Participate in community service: Encourage your child to give back to their community by engaging in volunteer work or participating in community service projects. In addition to instilling values of empathy and responsibility, these experiences can help your child build connections and learn new skills.

By incorporating extra-curricular activities into your child's educational plan, you can provide them with a well-rounded experience that goes beyond the classroom. By utilizing ESA funds to support these pursuits, you can help your child develop a range of skills and interests that will enrich their lives and enhance their learning experience.

Maximizing Your ESA Funds: Tips and Tricks for Smart Spending


As a parent using Arizona's Empowerment Scholarship Account program, you want to ensure that your funds are being used effectively and efficiently. Here are some tips and tricks for smart spending that can help you get the most out of your ESA dollars:

  1. Create a budget: Start by making a budget for the academic year that outlines your child's educational needs and goals. Allocate funds for each subject, extra-curricular activities, and other resources, keeping in mind the total amount of ESA funds available.

  2. Research and compare: Before purchasing any educational materials or enrolling in a program, take the time to research your options and compare prices. Look for reviews from other parents and educators, and consider the long-term value of the investment.

  3. Take advantage of sales and discounts: Keep an eye out for sales, discounts, and special promotions on educational materials and services. Subscribe to newsletters or follow social media accounts of your favorite providers to stay informed about upcoming deals.

  4. Utilize free resources: Before spending ESA funds, explore the wealth of free resources available online and in your local community. Many libraries, museums, and cultural institutions offer free or low-cost educational materials, workshops, and events for children.

  5. Join local support groups and networks: Connect with other parents in Arizona who are using the ESA program to share ideas, resources, and experiences. Local homeschooling groups and online forums can be invaluable sources of support, advice, and inspiration.

  6. Reuse and repurpose: Look for ways to reuse and repurpose educational materials, such as textbooks, workbooks, and manipulatives. Consider purchasing second-hand items, borrowing from friends or local support groups, or finding creative ways to adapt resources for different subjects or age groups.

  7. Plan ahead: Keep track of your child's progress and anticipate their future needs. By planning ahead, you can make strategic decisions about how to allocate your ESA funds and ensure that your child's educational needs are met throughout the year.

By following these tips and tricks for smart spending, you can maximize the impact of your ESA dollars and provide your child with a high-quality, personalized education that aligns with their interests and needs.


Discover a New Path at iCubed Learning:

At iCubed Learning, we understand the unique challenges faced by gifted and accelerated students and are committed to providing a transformative educational experience that nurtures their full potential. Our innovative microschool model offers personalized learning, small class sizes, and a focus on holistic development, ensuring that every student can thrive academically, emotionally, and socially.


If you are a parent of a gifted or accelerated student seeking an alternative to the traditional K-12 model and a solution for overcoming academic burnout, we invite you to explore iCubed Learning. Visit our website and fill out our contact form to discuss enrollment options and discover how our microschool in Tempe, Arizona can provide the supportive, engaging, and enriching environment your child needs to flourish.


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